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A cataract is a clouding of the lens of your eye. As you age, proteins in your lens begin to break down and the lens becomes cloudy. Its just yellow-brown pigment is deposited within the lens and this, together with disruption of the normal architecture of the lens fibers, leads to reduced transmission of light, which in turn leads to visual problems. Patient may not even realize that they have a cataract because it usually grows very slowly and may not impede vision early on. While cataracts are rarely dangerous, after a number of years they will affect vision. By age 65, over 90 percent of people have a cataract and half of the people between the ages of 75 and 85 have lost some vision due to a cataract. A cataract is not caused by overuse of your eyes and it does not travel from one eye to the other.

Diabetic Retinopathy is a condition occurring in persons with diabetes, which is caused by changes in the tiny blood vessels of the retina. When these blood vessels are damaged, they may leak blood and grow fragile new vessels. When the nerve cells are damaged, vision is impaired. These changes can result in blurring of your vision, hemorrhage into your eye, or, if untreated it leads to retinal detachment.

The macula is located in the center of the retina, the inside back layer of the eyeball that converts light and images into electrical signal. The macula is responsible for central vision (straight-ahead vision). Degeneration of the macula occurs most often after the age of 60 years and is termed age-related macular generation (AMD). It is painless condition with two categories Dry AMD and Wet AMD.

It is inflammation of the uvea, which is made up of the iris, ciliary body and choroid. The choroid is sandwiched between the retina and the white of the eye (sclera), and it provides blood flow to the deep layers of the retina. The most common type of uveitis is an inflammation of the iris called iritis (anterior uveitis). Infections, injury and autoimmune disorders may be associated with the development of uveitis. Uveitis can be serious, leading to permanent vision loss. Early diagnosis and treatment are important to prevent the complications of uveitis.Uveitis is classified anatomically into anterior, intermediate, posterior, and panuveitic forms—based on the part of the eye primarily affected.

Anterior uveitis, also known as iridocyclitis and iritis, is the inflammation of the iris and anterior chamber. Anywhere from two-thirds to 90% of uveitis cases are anterior in location. This condition can occur as a single episode and subside with proper treatment or may take on a recurrent or chronic nature.

Intermediate uveitis, also known as pars planitis, consists of vitritis—which is inflammation of cells in the vitreous cavity, sometimes with snowbanking, or deposition of inflammatory material on the pars plana.

Posterior uveitis or choriorentinitis is the inflammation of the retina and choroid.

Pan-uveitis is the inflammation of all the layers of the uvea.

Glaucoma describes a group of eye disease that causing optic nerve damage which affect vision. It may affect both eyes and each eye may progress in a variable way. The nerve damage involves loss of retinal ganglion cells in a characteristic pattern. The many different subtypes of glaucoma can all be considered to be a type of optic neuropathy. Raised intraocular pressure (above 21 mmHg or 2.8 kPa) is the most important and only modifiable risk factor for glaucoma. However, some may have high eye pressure for years and never develop damage, while others can develop nerve damage at a relatively low pressure. Untreated glaucoma can lead to permanent damage of the optic nerve and resultant visual field loss, which over time can progress to blindness.

Keratoconus is a progressive corneal disease that occurs when the normally round dome-shaped cornea (the clear outer area of the eye) progressively thins causing a cone-like bulge to develop. The condition is typically diagnosed during adolescence and early adulthood with a variable rate of progression. The cause of Keratoconus is unknown. However, it is believed to be an inherited condition. Vision is usually affected once the cornea starts to change shape. Blurring, light sensitivity and seeing ghost-like image can occur.

Most forms of RP are inherited / genetic, though its signs do not necessarily appear in every generation. In Retinitis Pigmentosa cells in the retina called rods and cones die. With most forms of RP, rods — which are mainly in the outer regions of the retina and are responsible for our peripheral and night vision — degenerate first. When the retina’s more centrally-located cones are affected, the result is slow loss of color perception and central (reading) vision. Eventually, blindness results.

Eye Treatment

Counseling
Diagnostic and assessment
Laser vision correction
LASIK & Refractive surgeries
Treatment of Cataract
Diabetic Retinopathy
Age related Macular Degeneration
Glaucoma Management
Corneal Transplant
Keratoconus Treatment & Management
Optic Neuropathy
Retinitis Pigmentosa
Pediatric Eye care
SCT Regenerative Medical Intervention (Experimental)& Clinical case studies